November 26, 2018
Industrial ultrasonic cleaners rely on the mechanical scrubbing action of microscopic cavitation bubbles to remove contaminants from the surfaces of parts to be cleaned. As a result, the systems don’t need to use harsh chemicals to soften and dissolve surface contaminants. Instead, ultrasonic cleaners work quickly to clean contaminants from all kinds of surfaces and eliminate soaking, pressure washing and mechanical scrubbing. As chemicals and their safe handing increase in cost, industrial ultrasonic cleaners provide an opportunity for substantial savings while reducing negative environmental effects.
Ultrasonic Vs. Traditional Cleaning Methods
Industrial ultrasonic cleaning systems consist of an ultrasonic generator, a transducer and a cleaning tank. The generator produces the ultrasonic signal and the transducer changes it to sound waves when it is immersed in the cleaning solution. Cavitation bubbles form in the low-pressure troughs of the sound waves and collapse in the high-pressure peaks. When a bubble collapses next to the surface to be cleaned, it releases a burst of energy that dislodges contaminants from the surface. The cleaning method is completely safe, environmentally friendly and does not require the use of chemicals. A ten to twenty minute cleaning time is often enough.
In contrast, traditional cleaning methods rely on the action of harsh chemicals to clean parts and components. Depending on the cleaning application, an acid or strong solvent is used to dissolve the contaminants in question and remove the bulk of the dirt from surfaces to be cleaned. Often several baths are necessary and manual removal of some of the dirt is sometimes required. The process takes a lot of time and uses lots of chemicals and water. After the parts are clean, the chemical waste has to be neutralized and disposed of in an acceptable manner. Increasingly stringent health and safety standards, for example for ventilation, add to the cost of the traditional cleaning process.
The inherent advantages of the ultrasonic cleaning process include rapid cleaning and the ability to clean inaccessible places. The adoption of ultrasonic cleaning also provides a safer, healthier workplace and a greener, and more environmentally friendly operation. Both of these aspects provide cost advantages.
In addition to no longer having to purchase chemicals, the extensive chemical handling infrastructure can be eliminated. Harsh and toxic chemicals have special storage requirements and spills can be expensive. Chemical mixing and delivery to the cleaning tanks is hazardous and the corresponding systems are costly. Large quantities of water are required for washing parts between baths and for diluting the chemicals. Finally, chemical waste has to be treated with more chemicals and disposal of the neutralized waste is expensive as well. Traditional industrial cleaning methods are neither green nor safe and meeting environmental and safety regulations in the future will only become more difficult.
Industrial ultrasonic cleaning systems don’t use any chemicals and only occasionally use mild detergents and heat to soften contaminants and make them easier to remove. The systems operate within a completely safe working environment and no special safety measures are required. Water use is limited and wastewater can be disposed of without special neutralization or treatment. The ultrasonic cleaning process is both green and safe.
Kaijo’s Product Line of Industrial Ultrasonic Cleaners
Kaijo’s ultrasonic cleaners are designed to provide a versatile solution so customers can meet the needs of their specific cleaning applications. The company can make recommendations for ultrasonic frequency, system power and type of transducer and propose specific equipment from the complete line of ultrasonic cleaning products. Systems can be turnkey, individual components or retrofitted for existing cleaning tanks. In every case, Kaijo’s ultrasonic cleaning systems will deliver superior cleaning performance in an environmentally friendly and safe fashion. Contact Kaijo for a free consultation or quote on selecting the right system for any industrial cleaning application.
November 8, 2018
Ultrasonic cleaners provide quick and complete cleaning for parts to be plated or coated, saving time and ensuring superior adhesion. The ultrasonic cleaning process leaves bare surfaces free from contaminants, even in hard-to-reach places such as interior cavities and holes. The use of ultrasonic parts cleaners is completely safe and doesn’t require chemicals to soften or dissolve dirt. Benefits include faster processing, higher throughput and better quality output.
Why Use Ultrasonic Cleaning with Plating or Coating?
Parts to be plated or coated, such as parts made from metal or plastic, often have surface contaminants that must be removed before the plating or coating process can take place successfully. If impurities are left on the surfaces, the covering material often will not adhere to the parts and the quality of the product and its appearance will suffer.
Typical contaminants are residues from machining, buffing compound and shop dirt. Traditional cleaning methods include soaking in chemicals, manual scrubbing and washing. These methods are time-consuming and often don’t remove all contaminants in hard-to-reach places. Ultrasonic parts cleaners remove all contaminants down to the bare surfaces everywhere on the parts to be plated or coated, even from inaccessible areas such as interior openings or crevices. Cleaning is fast and complete.
How Ultrasonic Cleaning Before Plating or Coating Works
Ultrasonic cleaning systems work by producing microscopic cavitation bubbles in the cleaning tank. An ultrasonic generator delivers the high-frequency electric signal to a transducer immersed in the cleaning solution. The transducer has a surface that vibrates at the ultrasonic frequency and creates the ultrasonic waves in the liquid.
Ultrasonic waves in a liquid have high-pressure peaks and low-pressure troughs. Cavitation bubbles are created at low pressure and they collapse in the high-pressure peaks. The continuous cavitation action results in a strong scrubbing effect on the surfaces of the parts to be cleaned. Contaminating material and particles are dislodged and carried away by the cleaning solution. The process depends on the type of contaminant and how much has to be removed but cleaning is often complete after ten to twenty minutes.
Choosing the correct frequency, power and type of transducer is important for effective cleaning before plating or coating. The frequency depends on the structure of the parts and the nature of the contamination. The manufacture of some parts results in surfaces coated with heavy, oily or greasy material while other parts only have a light coating of powder or dirt. The parts themselves may be robust and rugged or delicate and easily damaged. Choosing the right ultrasonic frequency takes these factors into account.
Low frequencies such as 26 kHz or 38 kHz generate comparatively large bubbles that deliver strong, aggressive cleaning power suitable for heavy contamination of robust parts. Lighter contamination on more delicate parts can use higher frequencies with smaller bubbles and softer cleaning action. For the more delicate parts, higher frequencies in the 160 kHz to 200 kHz range deliver gentle cleaning. No matter what kind of part and what contaminants, ultrasonic cleaners can be configured with one or more frequencies that will deliver excellent cleaning performance prior to plating or coating.
Once the frequencies are determined, the power has to be adequate to fill the cleaning tank with ultrasonic waves. With adequate power, bubbles and cleaning action will appear wherever cleaning solution is present. Transducers can be built in, such as in turnkey systems, bolt on or immersible. The independent immersible units are especially flexible and can be easily be used in existing tanks, for example, if there is an existing plating or coating line with cleaning tanks already integrated.
Kaijo’s ultrasonic parts cleaners can effectively be used with any plating or coating application. In addition Kaijo will help customers select a system that will provide optimum performance to meet their specific cleaning requirements.
October 29, 2018
Traditional industrial cleaning methods involve the use of toxic chemicals to dissolve surface contaminants on the parts to be cleaned and mechanical scrubbing to remove residues. The cost of such chemicals continues to rise as does the cost of handling them safely and the cost of waste disposal. The best alternative to toxic chemical-based cleaning is the use of industrial ultrasonic cleaners. Ultrasonic cleaning removes surface contaminants of all kinds without requiring harsh chemicals and the method is cost effective, fast and delivers excellent cleaning results.
The Rising Cost of Chemical-Based Cleaning Methods
To ensure that surface contaminants dissolve quickly, the chemical solvents used have to be aggressive and toxic. Such chemicals are the subject of constantly increasing regulations, both for environmental effects and for worker safety. The cost of the chemicals themselves keeps rising as suppliers have to comply with rigorous storage, handling and transportation requirements. Once delivered to the industrial facility where the cleaning will take place, safe handling and waste disposal are costly.
Typical requirements for an industrial cleaning station using harsh chemicals can include leak containment during storage and handling, ventilation and protection against inadvertent contact for workers and safe disposal of waste chemicals. Disposal costs are likely to continue rising rapidly as environmental regulations are tightened and trend towards a zero footprint. Industrial facilities that decide to retain chemical cleaning methods are faced with high additional long-term investments without any benefits from improved performance.
How Ultrasonic Cleaning Avoids the Use of Chemicals
Ultrasonic cleaning is a mechanical cleaning method that uses the scrubbing effect of microscopic cavitation bubbles produced by ultrasonic waves in the cleaning solution. The cavitation bubbles are formed in the low-pressure regions of the ultrasonic sound waves and they collapse in the high-pressure peaks. This continuous formation and collapse produces a powerful scrubbing action on the surfaces of the parts to be cleaned, dislodging contaminants and cleaning rapidly and completely.
Because ultrasonic cleaning relies on the action of cavitation bubbles to remove dirt, there is no need for soaking in chemicals or for washing in aggressive solvents. The process is completely safe, using only water and sound waves. For especially difficult cleaning applications a mild detergent will sometimes speed cleaning action and for grease and rubbery deposits, a heated bath can yield improved results. Even with these additional measures, the ultrasonic cleaning process does not require special storage or handling facilities and has no regulatory oversight for waste disposal. Unlike the increasing costs for storage, handling and disposal of toxic chemicals, no additional regulations or tightened and costly standards can be expected for ultrasonic cleaning equipment.
Additional Advantages of Ultrasonic Cleaning
While the avoidance of the use of harsh chemicals makes ultrasonic cleaning an attractive alternative to traditional cleaning methods, the way ultrasonic cleaning operates results in several additional advantages. The action of the cavitation bubbles provides quick and complete cleaning everywhere the cleaning solution can penetrate.
Cleaning is rapid because the cleaning intensity can be adjusted by varying the frequency of the ultrasonic waves. Low frequencies remove heavy dirt from robust parts such as engine valves while high frequencies can clean particles from delicate components such as semiconductor microstructures. For any frequency, cavitation bubbles appear and clean surfaces wherever the cleaning solution is present. This means interior surfaces and hard-to-reach places are cleaned quickly and completely.
Kaijo’s ultrasonic cleaning equipment is designed as a cost-effective alternative to using toxic chemicals for cleaning applications. The company can help analyze the cleaning application, propose a standard or custom system and deliver the equipment from the complete line of Kaijo industrial ultrasonic cleaners.
October 16, 2018
Ultrasonic cleaning systems are made up of an ultrasonic generator, one or more transducers and a tank to hold the cleaning solution. The generators and transducers produce the ultrasonic waves responsible for cleaning action, but the ultrasonic tank has to be suitable for the cleaning application as well. In a well-designed system, the ultrasonic frequency, system power and tank characteristics all contribute to optimum performance.
Size of Tank and System Flexibility
If the ultrasonic cleaning system is a single use installation, the cleaning tank can be sized to exactly contain the parts normally cleaned. For parts that are long and narrow or odd shapes, custom tanks are the most efficient. For ultrasonic cleaning systems that are used for many different cleaning applications, the choice of tank is critical so as to not limit cleaning system flexibility.
If the size of the largest part to be cleaned is known, the tank can be a standard size that will accommodate this part. For delicate parts or for many small parts, a part basket can be used to hold the parts and prevent them from coming into contact with vibrating tank sides and bottom. The tank then has to be slightly larger to hold the parts inside the part basket. If the tank chosen is very large, more than one transducer may be required to make sure cleaning bubbles are generated evenly throughout the cleaning solution.
Types of Transducer
The type of transducer used impacts the design of the ultrasonic cleaning tank. Transducers can be mounted on the tank, bolted onto the tank or be immersible, independent units. Turnkey installations often have mounted transducers and the system can be plugged in, ready to go. Bolt-on transducers are bolted onto the walls or the bottom of the cleaning tank. They are suitable for clearly defined industrial application and several can be bolted onto a tank to ensure complete and rapid cleaning.
Immersible transducers are the most flexible. The transducer is attached to a cable that plugs into the ultrasonic generator and the immersible transducer can be placed in any tank. Possible configurations include vertical or horizontal immersion, the immersion of several transducers and using immersible transducers in existing cleaning tanks.
While standard ultrasonic cleaning works to remove contaminants and surface dirt quickly and completely, additional measures such as the use of solvents or heat will improve cleaning performance for some applications. Sometimes hard-to-clean deposits of a specific type or hardened grease or rubbery matter can be cleaned more quickly as long as the tanks have a heater and can support a heated cleaning solution
When a contaminant doesn’t easily dissolve in water and is therefore hard to clean in an ultrasonic water bath, the addition of a mild solvent to remove the dirt can speed up the cleaning process. Often a general purpose solvent such as a mild detergent can be used, but for some applications, a solvent specific to the contaminant is best.
Kaijo Ultrasonic Tanks Meet All the Requirements
Kaijo’s ultrasonic cleaning tanks are made from top quality materials and manufactured to the highest standards. They are built to withstand the action of ultrasonic cavitation cleaning bubbles without pitting, are impervious to the solvents that might be used and can hold hot cleaning solutions if required. The tanks are suitable for use with immersible transducers and are available with mounted or bolt-on units.
The company has a complete line of standard ultrasonic cleaning tanks that can be ordered with accessories such as baskets and heaters. For special applications, Kaijo can design and build large or specially shaped tanks and can propose optimum transducer placement, especially if more than one transducer is required. No matter what the cleaning application, Kaijo can propose an ultrasonic cleaning system and make sure it delivers the cleaning performance their customer needs.
September 27, 2018
Ultrasonic cleaning transducers convert the high-frequency electric signal of an ultrasonic cleaning system to sound waves in the cleaning solution. These systems are made up of an ultrasonic generator, a transducer and a tank to hold the cleaning solution. Low frequencies from 20 kHz to about 160 kHz are used for cleaning heavy, hard to clean contamination from robust parts while higher frequencies up to 2MHz are used for gentle cleaning of delicate parts.
The ultrasonic generator produces an electric signal whose voltage varies at the selected ultrasonic frequency. When the voltage is applied to piezoelectric crystals within Kaijo’s transducers, the crystals change shape slightly. As the voltage rises and falls, the crystals lengthen and shorten. As a result, the metal plate attached to the crystals vibrates in tune with the ultrasonic frequency. When the transducer is immersed in the cleaning solution, the vibration of the metal plate produces the ultrasonic waves.
Ultrasonic Cleaning Transducer Features
Ultrasonic transducers have to generate an equal and consistent distribution of sound waves in the cleaning solution while withstanding the vibrations, temperature and cleaning action of the ultrasonic cleaning system. The ultrasonic sound waves create high-energy cavitation bubbles in the cleaning solution, and while these bubbles are responsible for the cleaning action, they can also eat away at materials that are not properly selected. The cleaning solution may contain mild solvents and can be heated for faster cleaning. The ultrasonic transducers have to operate reliably in this environment.
The housing of Kaijo ultrasonic cleaning transducers is made of 316L polished stainless steel so the transducers are not affected by the cleaning solution and can withstand the potential pitting action of the cavitation bubbles. They are hermetically sealed and can operate in cleaning solutions at up to 100 degrees Centigrade. The lower frequency range transducers are available at 600 W and 1200 W while the higher frequency units can handle up to 1200 W. The relatively high power ratings ensure that all parts of the cleaning solution tank receive an even level of ultrasonic waves.
Types of Ultrasonic Cleaning Transducers
Depending on the cleaning application and the different kinds of cleaning required, either immersible, bolt-on or mounted types of transducers can be used. The immersible ultrasonic transducers are independent units and are the most flexible in their application. The bolt-on units are for semi-permanent placement on a cleaning tank and the mounted units are integrated in the tank. Each type is functionally the same but the mounting method is determined by how the ultrasonic cleaning system will be used.
For cleaning applications using existing tanks, the immersible or bolt-on types of transducer are the most appropriate. The immersible type is more flexible and can be placed into different tanks or different transducers can be used for the same tank. These immersible transducers simply attach to the ultrasonic generator with a cable and they can then be moved around and placed into the cleaning solution without any installation procedure. The bolt-on type of transducer is more appropriate for cleaning applications of one particular kind. If the same kinds of parts are cleaned regularly, the frequency, power and cleaning tanks remain unchanged. In this case, the transducers can be bolted onto the tanks and left there. Transducers can be mounted along the walls of the tanks or on the bottom.
Mounted transducers are often integrated into a turnkey system that customers can buy for a specific application. These systems are less flexible but everything needed is functionally matched and included in the turnkey package and offers a cost effective solution.
No matter what the cleaning application requirements are, Kaijo can help customers select ultrasonic products such as generators and transducers or recommend complete systems that will satisfy their needs. Contact Kaijo for a free consultation and quote at 408 675-5575.
September 19, 2018
While standard ultrasonic cleaning solutions are often adequate for many applications, some cleaning tasks can be completed more quickly or more effectively by using custom-built industrial ultrasonic cleaners. Kaijo’s extensive experience with ultrasonic cleaning technology allows the company to analyze cleaning requirements and make the adjustments needed to standard equipment for superior cleaning performance. With Kaijo’s advice, customers can make sure that they get the ultrasonic cleaning system they need and that the system will clean rapidly and completely.
Basic Components and the Customization Process
Ultrasonic cleaning systems are made up of an ultrasonic generator, a cleaning tank and a transducer. Each can be selected from a line of standard components, but custom features can be added, and a custom system can be assembled to respond to unusual cleaning conditions or requirements.
Kaijo’s first step is to look at the cleaning application. Typical factors affecting the cleaning system are the characteristics of the parts to be cleaned, the nature of the dirt or contamination to be removed and whether the system is mainly used for a single cleaning task or whether many different types of cleaning have to be carried out.
Based on these factors, Kaijo decides on the ideal frequencies or frequency ranges as well as the system power. Sometimes one low frequency is ideal for removing tough dirt from rugged parts in a single-use application. For other systems, several higher frequencies or a frequency range may be appropriate for light contaminant removal from delicate parts. At the same time, the system power has to be high enough to evenly fill the tank with ultrasonic waves. Kaijo has the experience necessary to make these selections.
Once Kaijo has chosen the frequencies and the power, the company looks at the physical installation. Here the type of transducer and the kind of tank are important. Transducers can be immersible, bolt-on or mounted on the tank. The tanks could be existing tanks in a cleaning facility or new tanks to be supplied. Sizes of the tanks and materials used can influence the cleaning process. Before selecting any cleaning system components or deciding on customization requirements, Kaijo sets out these characteristics for the system.
Building Industrial Ultrasonic Cleaners from the Components Up
Once the system characteristics are set, Kaijo chooses the components from its complete line of ultrasonic cleaning equipment. The company decides whether standard off-the-shelf components can satisfy the cleaning requirements or whether custom components are required. Generators are selected based on the frequency and power and the degree of automation planned for the system. Transducer choice is based on how they will be mounted in the tank: immersible, bolt-on or mounted units placed on the sides or bottom of the tank. The tanks are selected based on size and material. The system can then be assembled in a standard or custom way.
Customizable Options Include:
- Top or side mounting of the transducers
- Holders for objects to be cleaned.
- Cleaning solution heater
- Automatic loading and unloading
- Water Resonance System
Other Ultrasonic Cleaning System Options Include:
- Multistage cleaning
- Size of the unit
- Frame construction
- Custom color
- And more…
An Example of a Custom-Built Ultrasonic Cleaning System
One of Kaijo’s customers required the cleaning of a complex object. Kaijo determined that a simultaneous dual frequency system would be the most effective. The company assembled a custom ultrasonic cleaning system with transducers set for sweep-frequency operation side-mounted in a tank fitted with a Water Resonance System. The custom configuration met the cleaning needs for this customer’s application.
Kaijo’s team of specialists can evaluate specific cleaning challenges and create a solution to meet the needs of customers. Contact Kaijo for a free consultation and quote on a custom ultrasonic system designed for your specific cleaning requirements.
August 28, 2018
Manufacturers of plastic products have to clean their equipment between production runs and often have to clean the plastic products they manufacture as well. Also depending on the end use of the products, different standards of cleanliness for the equipment as well as the materials used may apply. Products provided for food or medicine will require high levels of cleanliness while other, less critical applications may not have the same stringent requirements.
Traditional cleaning methods use mechanical scrubbing for rough cleaning, harsh chemicals for dissolving stubborn dirt and other chemicals for sanitary cleaning. These cleaning methods are expensive, not environmentally friendly and may require additional handling and labor. High performance industrial ultrasonic cleaners can deliver different levels of cleaning action by varying the frequencies and the power. They work without harsh chemicals and clean quickly and effectively. Ultrasonic cleaning bubbles responsible for the cleaning action penetrate wherever there is cleaning liquid and cleaning completely removes contaminants down to the plastic base or tool material.
Advantages of Ultrasonic Systems for Cleaning Plastic Products and Manufacturing Equipment
Industrial ultrasonic cleaners consist of a high power ultrasonic generator, a cleaning tank filled with water and an ultrasonic transducer mounted in the tank. A mild solvent may be added to the water to help dissolve some contaminants and the cleaning solution may be heated to soften grease and rubbery deposits. No strong chemicals are used and there is no requirement for mechanical scrubbing. The benefits of using such a system include the following:
- Reduced costs due to absence of chemicals. No costs for purchase of expensive chemicals or their storage, handling and disposal.
- Reduced labor costs because no manual scrubbing, scraping or pressure washing is required.
- Increased worker safety because the ultrasonic cleaning process is completely safe and does not need supervision or monitoring.
- Less time spent on cleaning because the one-step ultrasonic process is quick.
- Better cleaning performance because ultrasonic cleaning penetrates into holes and crevices and cleans everywhere, completely.
- Longer tool and mold life because ultrasonic cleaning does not scratch or otherwise damage the surfaces of tools and molds.
- Better output quality because the ultrasonic cleaning parameters can be chosen to match specific cleaning requirements by using proper frequencies and power levels.
Once an industrial ultrasonic system has been matched to the requirements of an application by a competent ultrasonic equipment manufacturer, the above benefits automatically flow from the use of the new system. If cleaning applications are varied, such as having to clean a wide variety of products or working with a number of different plastic materials, ultrasonic systems with different power levels and multiple frequencies are available.
Ultrasonic Cleaning Benefits
Plastic manufacturing plants that switch from traditional cleaning methods using chemical baths and mechanical dirt removal to ultrasonic cleaning achieve better facility performance and acquire several competitive advantages. The cost savings from labor and chemicals are substantial but there are additional savings from reduced cleaning times. When the ultrasonic system is adjusted to give the desired cleaning intensity, cleaning performance is better and therefore output quality is improved in general.
Additional improvements are achieved from the ability of ultrasonic systems to clean interior surfaces and hard-to-access areas. With traditional cleaning, such areas were either not cleaned or were cleaned with special tools and measures. Such efforts are no longer required with the new systems.
The key to effectively using an ultrasonic cleaner is to use a system that matches the requirements of the cleaning application. Kaijo has the experience and the complete line of ultrasonic cleaning products to deliver the system that is needed. Using the new system will deliver benefits that come from the advantages of the ultrasonic cleaning technology.
August 13, 2018
The most important considerations in choosing an ultrasonic cleaning system are the size of the tank, the frequency of the system and the power it can handle. Accessories such as a cleaning tank temperature heater and a basket to hold the parts must also be considered. Once these basic characteristics are fixed and the type of system required for the cleaning application is clear, additional options are available that may improve cleaning performance and speed up the cleaning process, depending on the parts to be cleaned and the contaminants to be removed.
Cleaning Tank Heater
Ultrasonic cleaners work by generating microscopic bubbles that scrub surfaces clean and remove surface contamination. When contaminants are hard deposits, the bubbles work more slowly because the deposits either absorb some of their energy or are too hard to immediately be broken up and washed away. Typical deposits and contaminants of this type include grease, engine deposits and burnt oil or carbon.
Such contamination is difficult to remove by any cleaning method but heat usually helps soften the deposits or loosen them from the underlying surface. When the cleaning solution of an ultrasonic cleaning system tank is heated, the bubbles act much faster and the cleaning process is completed in less time.
Tank heaters are a useful option for ultrasonic cleaning systems but they have to be designed for the application. The cleaning solution may contain a mild solvent but it is mostly water that boils at 100 degrees centigrade. As a result, the heat settings should be controlled to make sure the cleaning solution does not start boiling.
The cleaning tank also contains ultrasonic transducers that work with electronic parts sensitive to high temperatures. If the cleaning solution is going to be heated to a point just under boiling temperatures, the transducers must be able to withstand 100 degree centigrade heat. For applications that require the tank heater option, making sure that the system is designed to support it is critical.
Using Sweep Frequencies
An ultrasonic cleaning system is designed to operate at a certain frequency at which optimum cleaning results are achieved due to the size of the microscopic bubbles and the cleaning action intensity. At a given frequency, a system may experience a number of unpredictable negative effects. There may be dead spots in the cleaning tank where ultrasonic waves cancel each other out and no cleaning occurs. Resonance vibrations may appear and threaten to damage equipment or the parts to be cleaned. Sweep frequency modes reduce these effects.
When using sweep frequencies, the ultrasonic cleaner frequency varies around a central value. If ultrasonic waves are cancelling out somewhere in the tank, changing the frequency slightly will stop this effect or displace it temporarily to another tank location. Overall, cleaning is more even. Changing the frequency also stops resonance vibrations because they occur at one particular frequency. Using sweep frequencies to continuously vary the operating frequency helps to achieve better cleaning performance.
Water Resonance System
A water resonance system treats water destined for the cleaning tank to promote the formation of cavitation bubbles and help ensure even cleaning action throughout the tank. The water treatment of a water resonance system provides an even distribution of nuclei essential to bubble formation. With the nuclei distributed evenly, bubbles form everywhere in the cleaning solution rather than mainly above the ultrasonic transducer. A water resonance system helps ensure even cleaning action on everything placed in the cleaning tank.
Kaijo Can Provide Ultrasonic Systems as well as Key Options
Kaijo works with many different manufacturers to supply of the right ultrasonic system to meet for their application requirements. The company can supply complete systems from its comprehensive line of ultrasonic products and it has optional features that include tank heaters, use of sweep frequency and water resonance. Specialists at Kaijo also help analyze a customer’s cleaning requirements and propose the most effective ultrasonic cleaning solution based on their specific cleaning requirements.
July 30, 2018
Industrial ultrasonic cleaners can clean parts quickly and completely if they have the right characteristics for the application. Ultrasonic cleaning systems are made up of a generator, one or more transducers, and a cleaning tank. Each component has to be selected correctly and they have to work together for the system to live up to its cleaning potential. Systems can be designed to clean one kind of part or they can be flexible and clean many different kinds. The key to selecting the right system is to be clear about what cleaning has to be done and what the required result should be.
The Cleaning Application
Cleaning parts effectively depends on the kind of part that has to be cleaned and the type of contaminants that are on the parts. When the right industrial ultrasonic cleaner is used, the surfaces of the parts to be cleaned are unaffected while the substances that have to be removed are washed away quickly. Ultrasonic cleaners remove light contamination such as dust, films and residue quickly and completely, even when the parts are odd shapes or have holes, cracks and crevices. The ultrasonic cleaners act wherever the cleaning solution can penetrate so interior cavities are also cleaned as long as the cleaning solution can enter.
When contamination is heavy, additional measures may be appropriate. For thick deposits of oil or grease, heating the cleaning solution helps speed cleaning because the oil and grease become softer and easier to remove. For some difficult deposits, mild solvents that act on the contaminant may also help clean the parts. If a cleaning application falls into these categories, the ultrasonic cleaning system should be able to handle solvents and heat the cleaning solution.
Size and Power
The size of the parts to be cleaned determines the cleaning tank size and influences the power required for the industrial ultrasonic cleaner. For unusually shaped parts, such as long thin parts or large flat ones, a custom tank may be appropriate to avoid having to power a large amount of cleaning solution, most of which is empty. In any case, the tank has to be slightly larger than the longest dimension of the parts to be cleaned.
Larger tanks will need more power but the most important factor is that the ultrasonic waves have to be evenly distributed and reach all sections of the cleaning tank. Too much power may cause pitting on the surfaces of the parts so buying a system with the right power is important. A competent manufacturer can help select the required power levels or recommend a system for which the power level is adjustable, depending on the cleaning application.
How to Immerse the Parts to be Cleaned
Since ultrasonic cleaning is carried out by means of high-frequency sound waves in the cleaning solution, both the tank walls and the parts to be cleaned may vibrate slightly as cleaning takes place. This means parts must be suspended in the cleaning solution to avoid contact between the parts and the tank walls or bottom because the vibrations can cause damage.
A basket that fits inside the tank can hold the parts safely suspended in the cleaning solution but the cleaning tank will have to be slightly larger to accommodate the basket. Baskets are usually stainless steel but they can be coated to hold delicate parts without scratching.
Kaijo’s Experts can Provide Help
With extensive experience in industrial ultrasonic cleaning systems, Kaijo can help customers select the ultrasonic cleaner best suited to their needs. Kaijo will provide free consultation on size, power, baskets as well as the appropriate frequency to use for a given cleaning application. They offer an extensive product line of ultrasonic cleaning equipment to address the needs of many different kinds of industrial cleaning applications.
July 17, 2018
Ultrasonic cleaning systems are composed of a signal generator, an ultrasonic transducer and a cleaning tank. The transducer changes the electrical high-frequency signal from the generator into ultrasonic sound waves in the cleaning solution. Due to this key role, it is important to choose a transducer that will work well with the generator and cleaning tank but also perform as expected for the cleaning application.
Ultrasonic Cleaning transducers have to deliver ultrasonic power in the liquid of the cleaning tank and withstand difficult operating environments without failure or reduced performance. Different types are available and some may be more suitable for specific cleaning tasks. Getting the best transducer means selecting the right type, designed by an experienced manufacturer and built with high-quality materials.
How an Ultrasonic Transducer Works
Kaijo’s ultrasonic cleaning transducers are made up of an electrical section that receives the electric signal from the ultrasonic generator and a mechanical section that vibrates at high frequency to generate the sound waves in the cleaning solution. Once received, the electric signal is applied across piezoelectric crystals that change the signal into vibrations. A heavy metal sheet is attached to the crystals and amplifies the vibration over a larger area. The whole construction is enclosed in a stainless-steel housing with the vibrations transmitted through the steel to the outside. When the transducer is immersed in the cleaning solution, the vibrations result in corresponding ultrasonic waves in the liquid.
Sound waves are compression waves that travel through the liquid as compression peaks and troughs. In the troughs, cavitation bubbles form due to the low pressure, and the bubbles collapse again in the high-pressure peaks. The collapsing bubbles release an energetic jet of cleaning solution that dislodges dirt and contaminants from the surface of the parts. The scrubbing action of these jets results in effective and rapid cleaning of the parts without damaging the underlying surface. Cleaning is thorough and takes place even in places that are inaccessible for conventional cleaning methods.
Type of Transducers
Different types of ultrasonic cleaning transducers are suitable for different cleaning applications. Kaijo offers immersible transducers, bolt-on transducers or mounted units depending on the cleaning system configuration. The transducers can be purchased separately, as individual units, or as part of a turnkey system.
Immersible transducers are the most flexible. They can be placed in any tank in the cleaning solution and will work whether they are horizontal or vertical, as long as they are completely immersed. These transducers are ideal for installing in an existing tank or an existing cleaning system for which ultrasonic cleaning is being added.
Bolt-on or mounted transducers are more permanently installed and can be part of a new system. The transducers are mounted or bolted onto the walls or bottom of the cleaning tank. For large tanks, several transducers may be needed to evenly fill the tank with ultrasonic waves.
Ultrasonic Transducer Characteristics
Ultrasonic transducers have to withstand the conditions present in the cleaning solution without damage. This means their surfaces have to be immune to pitting from exposure to ultrasonic waves and the housing must be waterproof. Ultrasonic cleaning solutions are sometimes heated and they may contain mild solvents. Transducers should continue to deliver rated performance under such operating conditions.
Kaijo has a complete line of ultrasonic transducers to meet the most demanding industrial cleaning requirements. Typical is the 40 kHz ultrasonic transducer, which will deliver 600 W or 1200 W of power, operate in up to 100 degrees centigrade liquids and which comes in a rugged hermetically sealed 316L stainless steel housing. Kaijo can help customers with their selection of ultrasonic transducers based on the company’s long-standing expertise in the ultrasonic cleaning field and can follow up recommendations with offers from their full line of transducers.Read More